ebike / Power-Assisted Bicycle – Mandatory Theory Test | Introduction

Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) - Mandatory Theory Test V1

To facilitate your preparation for the ebike / Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) – Mandatory Theory Test, we break down the handbook into bite-sized information in the form of questions and answers (QnA).

This makes learning less overwhelmed. In addition, it also helps to increase knowledge retention.

This is the introduction.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

1-   When I can start taking the test?

You can registering for the test from 30 June 2021 at Singapore Polytechnic PACE website. The test is an online test consisting of multiple choice questions.

For e-scooters, there are 30 MCQ to be completed in 30 minutes. The passing mark is 24 correct answers. (ie 80%)

For ebikes, there are 40 MCQ to be completed in 40 minutes. The passing mark is 32 correct answers. (ie 80%)

2-   What are the fees?

From Jun to Sep, the testing fee is $5 for 2 attempts. In order words, if you fail during the first attempt, the 2nd attempt is free. The subsequent test is $10 per attempt.  The fees will be adjusted to $10 per attempt from 1 Oct 2021.

3-   Where do I register for the test?

From 30 June 2021, riders of e-scooters and Power-Assisted Bicycles (PABs) can register for the theory test on Singapore Polytechnic’s Professional & Adult Continuing Education Academy (PACE)’s website at

4-   I do not know English. How can I take the test?

The test will be conducted online in Singapore’s four official languages. In addition, if you need some assistance, you can register for NTUC/NDCA FREE workshop to prepare for Mandatory Theory Test (PAB) here.

5-  Will I be issued a certification upon passing?

Yes. Digital certificates will be issued upon passing the test. There is no expiry date for the digital certificate.

6-   Where can I download the handbooks?

There are 2 handbooks: PMD (ie e-scooter) and PAB (ie ebike). The handbooks are available in English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.

PMD: English / Chinese / Malay / Tamil

PAB: English / Chinese / Malay / Tamil

7-   Do I have to pass the test before I can ride an ebike on road or cycling paths?

Yes. A valid test certificate is required before you can use the ebike on public paths. We believe the authorities will give a sufficient grace period before they take enforcement actions. Therefore we urge all current ebike owners to register and take the test as soon as it is available.

8-   When is the deadline to pass the test?

The deadline is 31 Dec 2021. From Jan 1, 2022, riders will be required to show their digital certificate when requested by enforcement officers.

9-   When the enforcement officer stops me, how does the officer knows I have passed the theory test?

You will be issued with a digital certificate upon passing the test. Though the authorities have not revealed the enforcement measures, we believe that the officer will be able to access their database to check if you have the valid test certificate by using your NRIC or FIN number. As this test is applicable to the rider only and not the ebike as a vehicle, it is unlikely there will be any sort oof identification mark on the ebike.

10-   Does it means I have to take 2 theory tests to ride an ebike?

No. It is a single combined test for ebike riders.

11-   I am a e-scooter and ebike rider. Does it mean I have to take 2 tests?

Yes. You would have to take both the theory tests for e-scooters (PMD) and ebikes (PAB).

12-  I have a Class 2 license and have been riding for the past 5 years. Do I still need to take the ebike safety theory test?

Yes. The ebike safety theory test encompasses the use of ebike on cycling paths and roads.

13-  Will it be an online or classroom test?

It is an online test. The test is conducted in 4 different languages: English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.

14-   If I passed the theory test, is it valid for a lifetime?

As of now, the certificate is valid for a lifetime.

15-  Do I still need to be 16 years and above to ride an ebike?

Yes. The law remains as the ebike rider and pillion must be at least 16 years old and above.

16-   My friend is coming from overseas to visit me this Christmas. He is 20 years old. Can I loan my ebike to him for a few days?

Yes, but before he can ride on public paths he would need to take and pass the theory tests. The test requirement is applicable to anyone who wishes to use the ebike on public paths, regardless of nationality and status.

17-   My father is using a mobility scooter. Does he need to take the theory test?

No. The theory test is applicable to ebike (ie PAB) and PMD riders. It is not applicable to PMA such as mobility scooters and electric wheelchairs. In addition, the current laws allow PMA to be used on pedestrian pathways.

We hope the ebike / Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) – Mandatory Theory Test | Introduction has been helpful to you. We will release the remaining lessons progressively.

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Source: Power-Assisted Bicycle – Official Handbook for Mandatory Theory Test, Version 1.0, April 2021, Land Transport Authority

You can download the full handbook here.


Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information, we do not warrant the accuracy, adequacy or completeness and expressly disclaims liability for completeness, accuracy, timeliness, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to  the information and materials contained on this post for any purpose.