To facilitate your preparation for the ebike / Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) – Mandatory Theory Test, we break down the handbook into bite-sized information in the form of questions and answers (QnA).
This makes learning less overwhelmed. In addition, it also helps to increase knowledge retention.
Module 1: General information on Active Mobility Devices in Singapore
The 3 broad categories of Active Mobility Devices are:
- Personal Mobility Devices (PMDs)
- Personal Mobility Aids (PMAs)
There are a few types of paths and roads where you can ride, depending on the type of devices:
- Footpaths. Typically paths beside roads and within housing estates but excludes shelter walkways or pedestrian-only paths.
- Cycling paths. Paths marked with “cyclists” and “PCN”.
- Roads. Except for expressways and road tunnels.
This is Part 1 of the bite-size lesson.
1.2 Personal Mobility Devices
1- What are the 2 categories of PMDs?
- Motorised PMDs
- Non-Motorised PMDs
2- Are in-line skates and roller skates considered as PMDs?
3- Are non-motorised kick scooters and skateboards considered as PMDs?
4- Can you use non-motorised PMDs such as kick scooters and skateboards on footpaths?
Yes. Speed is limited to 10 km/h.
5- Where can you use motorised PMDs such as e-scooters, hoverboards and unicycles?
Motorised PMDs can only use on cycling paths. Speed is limited to 25 km/h.
6- Can you use motorised PMDs such as e-scooters, hoverboards and unicycles on roads?
7- Can you use non-motorised PMDs such as kick scooters and skateboards on roads?
8- Do you need to register e-scooter with LTA? (Note: e-scooters are motorised PMDs with handlebar.)
Yes. E-scooters must be affixed with a registration mark and identification mark.
9- Do you need to have an e-scooter Theory Test Certificate to ride an e-scooter?
10- What is the certification or standard required for e-scooter?
11- What is the minimum age to ride an e-scooter?
16 years old.
12- Can a 15 years old and younger person ride an e-scooter?
Yes, if he/she is supervised by a person, aged 21 years old and above, who has obtained the e-scooter Theory Test Certificate.
13- What is the maximum unladen weight of all PMDs (motorised and non-motorised)?
14- What is the maximum width of all PMDs (motorised and non-motorised)?
15- What is the maximum device speed of motorised PMDs?
16- If you are riding a unicycle or electric skateboard, do you need to take the e-scooter Theory Test Certificate?
17- What is the minimum age to ride a unicycle or electric skateboard on cycling paths?
16 years, even if there is adult supervision.
18- Is there a minimum age to ride a non-motorised PMDs such as kick scooter?
No. In addition, no adult supervision is required.
We hope the ebike / Power-Assisted Bicycle (PAB) – Mandatory Theory Test | Part 1 has been helpful to you. We will release the remaining lessons progressively.
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Source: Power-Assisted Bicycle – Official Handbook for Mandatory Theory Test, Version 1.0, April 2021, Land Transport Authority
You can download the full handbook here.
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